Torrenting is one of the oldest file-sharing mechanisms, with the development of P2P occurring right around the boom of Usenet. While Usenet declined in popularity due to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) not allowing free access, along with DMCA takedown compliance and privacy concerns, torrents have done quite the opposite.
Getting a torrent may seem easy enough. After all, you just get the magnet link or .torrent file, paste it into a program, and download, right? Technically, this is the correct approach, but anyone can see what you're downloading and uploading at any given point in time.
We will review how to download torrents in a manner that is safe and efficient. Every detail, from picking a suitable software to the download process to privacy concerns will be addressed in this guide.
Step 1: Install a BitTorrent Client
Although there are some in-browser torrent extensions and even some “seedbox” services that grab files and provide them as direct download links, it's in your best interest to install a BitTorrent client. You will get a more reliable service, and you eliminate the chances of your activities being logged.
BitTorrent clients vary considerably, from those that cater to beginners to programs that demand advanced experience. For your online safety, one designed for beginners is best. You should also avoid paying for this type of software. The P2P community is based on the ideology that everyone deserves access to online materials.
Keep in mind that some of these torrent managers are only available for specific operating systems. Here are four examples that are great for beginners, along with their operating system requirements, their most notable feature, and whether they contain advertisements.
- qBittorrent: Windows, Mac, Linux; lightweight and high-speed downloads; No ads.
- Deluge: Windows, Mac, Linux; one of the oldest and most customizable options; No ads.
- uTorrent: Windows, Mac, Android; created by BitTorrent for beginners specifically; Contains bundled software in installation and ads.
- Vuze: Windows only; has a huge repository of plug-ins and the paid version streams media as it downloads; Contains ads that can be removed with a “Premium” subscription.
We encourage you to visit each site and decide for yourself which one to get. Due to the simplicity of qBittorrent, we will use it for the tutorial. First, click the link to it above. Click the “Download” menu item on qBittorent's site. Navigate to the operating system you're using, and download the corresponding file.
Run through the installer. Read each screen very carefully, especially if you chose a client that includes “optional bundled software,” which is often adware. Once the installation is complete, clicking “Finish” should open the program. If not, find the shortcut to it and open it that way.
Step 2: Set Up a VPN for Privacy
Due to BitTorrent's open nature, anyone can see what you're downloading or uploading. Trackers will show your public IP address, which is monitored by “copyright trolls,” or law firms that specialize in attacking torrent users. Even if you plan on downloading solely legal torrents, a VPN is always wise to use. BitTorrent programs often have vulnerabilities reported by security researchers, and VPNs add another safety barrier between you and malicious users.
A VPN essentially serves as a proxy for all of your Internet traffic. You send a request by visiting a website, downloading a torrent, or something similar, and the VPN server grabs your data and sends it back to you.
This is all done in the background, which means that you only have to turn the VPN on, and it will do the rest. Just make sure you are using a VPN with a straightforward torrent policy, to avoid unexpected surprises.
Step 3: Search for a Torrent
Now it's time to pick out a torrent you wish to download. You'll need either a magnet link or an actual .torrent file. You can also look for “private trackers,” which are usually invitation-only and based on specific content niches.
For now, we are going to focus on the most popular options. These are some of the most common public torrent sites.
- ThePirateBay: Famous website based in Sweden that has been around for awhile.
- YTS.mx: A more modern site focused on visual media. It is known for its great user interface and responsive administrators.
- 1337x: While technically a “private tracker,” 1337x.to is usually open to the public. It has a huge library of content, but your upload and download activity will be monitored to ensure you're contributing as much as you're using.
- LinuxTracker: While less popular than the other options listed, this one focuses on legal torrents containing open-source Linux distributions.
Nowadays, most file-sharing websites give you two download options: you can download the torrent or click the magnet link.
What is the difference between downloading the torrent file and clicking the magnet link? There isn't a major difference between the two, except for that you'll have an extra file sitting on your hard drive if you select the .torrent file. In most browsers, clicking the magnet link will automatically prompt you to open it in your BitTorrent client.
If you click the magnet link for a torrent file, you should see such a prompt. Allow it to open up your torrent manager, and you should see a popup with its information, asking you to confirm everything.
Step 4: Begin Your Torrent Download
By now, we've found a torrent, set up and verified our VPN installation, and turned on its kill switch and clicked the magnet link. You're now ready to download a torrent in a safe and anonymous way.
On the popup from your program from when you clicked the magnet link from your browser, there should be an affirmative button. A clickable button with text like “OK” or “Confirm” should be there. Click on that, and your torrent should begin downloading.
Step 5: Use Ethical Torrenting Practices
Some torrent users follow the “smash and grab” approach. In other words, they leave a torrent running until they have finished downloading it and then kill it. For most users, not seeding torrents is unethical, since you're using others' resources but not providing your own.
Ensure you have at least a 1:1 ratio of content downloaded to content uploaded per torrent. Failing to do so on a private tracker will get you banned. Unfortunately, this is a common occurrence on public trackers, which is why many users seek out private ones.
By now, you should have the basics down. You should have a BitTorrent client installed and have downloaded a file via a magnet link (or through a .torrent file, if you chose to do so). You also now know that it isn't considered acceptable to just grab a file and not seed it, regardless of whether it's a public or private torrent.
Most importantly, you should now have a VPN that will ensure your anonymity as you go forward with BitTorrent. A small amount of money can ensure that your P2P activity remains private. Remember that a single “copyright infringement” settlement may cost thousands of dollars.
Have fun as you explore the vast world of torrenting, respect the rules, and protect your privacy!